Integers and floats are two different types of numerical data.

Integers are whole numbers without any decimal points. For example:

age = 15 print(age) # output: 15

In this example, `age`

is a variable that holds the value `15`

, which is an integer. Integers can be positive or negative.

Floats, on the other hand, are numbers that have decimal points. For example:

pi = 3.14 print(pi) # output: 3.14

In this example, `pi`

is a variable that holds the value `3.14`

, which is a float. Floats can also be positive or negative.

You can perform various mathematical operations on integers and floats, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. For example:

x = 5 y = 2 sum = x + y print(sum) # output: 7 product = x * y print(product) # output: 10 quotient = x / y print(quotient) # output: 2.5

In this code, we have two variables `x`

and `y`

that hold the values `5`

and `2`

respectively. We can add them together (`x + y`

), multiply them (`x * y`

), or divide them (`x / y`

).

It's important to note that when you perform operations between an integer and a float, the result will be a float. For example:

result = x / 2

In this code, `x`

is an integer and `2`

is an integer, but the result of the division will be a float (`2.5`

).

You can also convert between integers and floats using the `int()`

and `float()`

functions. For example:

x = 5 y = float(x) # Convert x to a float z = int(y) # Convert y back to an integer

In this code, we convert the integer `5`

to a float using `float(x)`

, and then convert it back to an integer using `int(y)`

.

Integers and floats are commonly used in mathematical calculations, storing measurements, and representing decimal values in Python.